A pioneer project for the Vietnamese-Thai Indigenous Network
The project ‘Capacity-building on Climate Change’ for Vietnamese Thai Indigenous Knowledge network (VTIK) members in six northern mountainous provinces of Vietnam is a pioneer project for VTIK (Vietnamese-Thai network for Indigenous Knowledge). VTIK is the local network association whose members are Ethnic Minority organizations and individuals such as development workers, local government representatives, the Thai Script teachers, elders and researchers from seven Thai inhabited provinces namely Hoa Binh, Son la, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Dien Bien, Lai Chau and Yen Bai.
It aims to build the capacity and strengthen the cooperation of VTIK network members in issues regarding Climate Change/REDD so they can assist other Ethnic Minority groups and communities in six northern mountainous provinces of Vietnam for effective participation and response to Climate Change adaptation and mitigation. The project will be implemented through a series of awareness-raising and capability-building activities and the establishment of a pilot model on generating news and media coverage based on Ethnic Minority Cultural presentations, CD and DVD reproductions and culminating with a Cultural Theatre Art Workshop for Climate Change by Ethnic Minority artists.
These series of activities brought about by the project will create and play major role into Ethnic Minorities efforts for community-based forest protection/management and sustainability. The project will start in June, 2011 and is expected to end in June 2013. This will be implemented by the CSDM (Centre for Sustainable Development in Mountainous areas) in close collaboration with the VTIK network members. CSDM is a local development organization in Vietnam and was established in 1998 with a vision of ensuring all disadvantaged people and Ethnic Minorities are able to realize their rights, enjoy the best quality of life, preserve the rich cultural heritage and have a sense of pride and dignity being a distinct people, empowered, capable and self-reliant in all aspects of their lives. True to its vision, CSDM focused on programmes and projects intervention related to Climate Change mitigation and adaptation, sustainable management of natural resources, protection and promotion of Indigenous People’s Rights (their identity and human rights of ethnic minorities as a distinct people), community capability development, sustainable livelihood, grassroots democracy and good governance.
FEEDBACK ON PROJECT OUTCOMES
CSDM was able to implement the following activities on Capacity-Building on Climate Change with the VTIK network association, its leaders and members in the 8 provincial formations of northern Vietnam. These Capacity-Building activities include 2 Community-Based Trainings-Workshop and 1 training-workshop held in Hanoi City, Vietnam.
1. The 2 Community-Based Training-Workshop on Climate Change and REDD in Son La and Nghe An provinces
a. The training/workshop on Climate Change/REDD, Forest Protection and Management was conducted September 8-10, 2011 at CCE, Son La City, Son La, Vietnam. There were 40 participants (21 males; 19 females) coming from the VTIK network members and with expanded participants coming from the officials of CCE (Community Continuing Education) Son La, faculty and teachers of Teacher’s Training College of Son la and representatives from the Department of Natural Resources of Son La province.
b. The training/workshop on Climate Change/REDD, Forest Protection and Management was conducted October 8-10, 2011 at CCE Nghe An province, Vietnam. There were 65 (45 males and 20 females) participants coming the VTIK network members and expanded participants coming from the officials of CCE (Community Continuing Education) Nghe An and representatives from the Department of Natural Resources of Nghe An province.
The following courses and topics were presented and discussed in the 2 community trainings are as follows:
- The Concepts of Weather and Climate
- The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming
- Climate Change and the Ethnic People
- REDD and its Processes in the World and Vietnam
- The Strategic Role of Ethnic People and Forests
- The Causes and Reasons of Forest Losses and Degradation
- The Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Resources Sustainable Management These courses and topics were delivered by local resource persons
Results and Impacts of the 2 training/workshop:
- The participants acquired the basic knowledge on Climate Change and its causes and effects.
- The participants are provided and developed with skills of propagating and projection of Climate Change, REDD and forest protection issues and concerns based on their respective communities
- The development of values is instilled in the preservation of traditional knowledge in sustainable natural resources management to them.
- The participants could able to come up plans in the propagation and projection of Climate Change/REDD issues to be implemented in their localities.
- The officials of CCE of Son La and Nghe An acquired knowledge and new ideas in developing teaching materials to be used in schools.
- The participants with their new knowledge acquired from the training/workshop may apply to their related studies, themes and field of interest.
2. Training-Workshop on Climate Change and REDD Strategy
The Training-Workshop on Climate Change and REDD Strategy was conducted last November 24-26, 2011 in Hanoi City, Vietnam with participants coming from VTIK Leaders and members of the 8 provincial network formations of Lang Son, Yen Bai, Son La, Dien Bien, Hoa Binh, Lai Chau, Thanh Hoa and Nghe An.
The topics were discussed are the following:
- Latest Updates and Development of Climate Change and REDD
- Climate Change in the World and in Vietnam
- Climate Change and its Effects to Ethnic Peoples
- Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation of Ethnic Peoples
- Vietnam’s UN-REDD Program
- Indigenous Knowledge in Forest Protection and Development
- Community-Based Forest Protection and Management
- Work plans/Action Plans in Ethnic Communities
The participants agreed to the following:
a. Intensify the propagation activities on Climate Change in Communities
b. Promote forest protection and development
c. Promote and restore the values of sacred forests protection
d. Regulate the use and exploitation of forest and land resources and mining operations and activities
e. Establish the link from national to local levels in the recognition, promotion and implementation of customary laws in forest protection and use.
f. Development of community regulations on the right to use and management of community forests as an obligatory condition for effective forest protection and ensure active REDD participation
g. Support ethnic communities on forest protection mechanisms, like household’s assignment and management of forest productivity in accordance to law, integration and recognition of traditional cultures and beliefs in the development of village regulations, free, prior informed consent and consultation with the community whenever there is development programs and projects related to forests and land, reforestation of indigenous trees should be given priority instead of commercial trees, government assistance and subsidy to construct concrete houses for ethnic peoples by giving construction materials and the control and regulations of protection, promotion and exploitation of herbal/medicines plants and trees.
h. REDD programs and concerns should not only limit to forest protection but also include all living creatures living with forests and bio-diversity. Thus, there is a need to make people know especially ethnic people who are forest dwelling and dependent about REDD so that they can live in harmony with nature and environment.